Surprise! x 3!

This reflection is for The Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity, Cycle B, 5/27/2018.

I think most parents remember playing “peak-a-boo” with their babies. I just saw a young mother playing with her daughter a few days ago and it brought back a flood of wonderful memories. I remember how much fun I used to have with my boys playing that game. Simply cover your own eyes with your hand, remove it quickly, say, “boo!” and wait for a little jump and giggles galore! So much fun! I’m not sure who enjoyed it more, actually, my sons or me. That’s probably why I played it so much. They loved being surprised and I loved surprising them!

Not a lot has changed for us now that my boys are nine and eleven, actually. They still love surprises and I still find so much joy in doing the surprising! I think most people love surprises, and I’m always sad when I hear someone say that they don’t like surprises! I think some of the greatest joys in life catch us by surprise.

People do love surprises: Christmas gifts, unexpected flowers, wedding proposals, birthday parties, and surprise endings. We love to discover something new and unexpected. It’s proof that we don’t have all the answers, we don’t know all the possible outcomes, and you never know what might be just around the corner!

You know, God likes surprises too! I like to speak of God as the God of surprises. How many times I have said, “Man! I would never have imagined that! Amazing!” Haha!

That’s exactly what Isaiah discovered about God thousands of years ago, when God surprised his faithful people by ending their exile in Babylon! Surprise! King Cyrus of Persia has defeated the Babylonians, and has returned the Judah-ites to their land–and even gave them money to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem! Surprise! (‘Betcha didn’t see that coming!)

Isaiah proclaims of God, “you worked awesome deeds we could not hope for, such as had not been heard of from of old. No ear has ever heard, no eye ever seen, any God but you working such deeds for those who wait for him.” (Isaiah 64:2-3)

St. Paul actually uses the words of Isaiah when talking about Jesus to the Corinthians. He says, “as it is written: ‘What eye has not seen, and ear has not heard, and what has not entered the human heart, what God has prepared for those who love him.’” (1Cor 2:7-9)

Isaiah and Paul rediscovered what Moses discovered far earlier, but the people had forgotten! God loves surprises! Believe me, you can just imagine Paul’s surprise when while heading off to persecute Christians, Jesus appears in a bright light and says, You’re not going to kill Christians! You’re going to become one, and proclaim my name to the gentiles! Surprise!

In today’s reading from the book of Deuteronomy, Moses helps the Israelites to be people of faith who never doubt the awesome power, love, and blessings of the God of surprises!

You’ve been slaves in Egypt for 400 years, but it’s time to go! Surprise! And look, Pharaoh is even giving you camels, gold, and silver for your trouble! Moses gives the people a laundry list of surprises from God.

“Moses said to the people: ‘Ask now of the days of old, before your time, ever since God created man upon the earth; ask from one end of the sky to the other: Did anything so great ever happen before? Was it ever heard of? Did a people ever hear the voice of God speaking from the midst of fire, as you did, and live? Or did any god venture to go and take a nation for himself from the midst of another nation, by testings, by signs and wonders, by war, with strong hand and outstretched arm, and by great terrors, all of which the LORD, your God, did for you in Egypt before your very eyes?” (DT 4:32-34, 39-40)

And then, in the fullness of time, God visits His people! The Incarnation! God really surprised Mary and Joseph, right?! The angel says, “Behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name him Jesus. He will be great and will be called Son of the Most High…The holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.” (LK 1:31) Yahweh is God–but Jesus is too! Surprise!

And no one loved surprises more than Jesus! You can’t find me, mom, I’m in the Temple with the Elders! Surprise!

You’re out of wine and your wedding is ruined! Surprise! Party on!

You guys are horrible fisherman whose nets are empty! Surprise, your nets are breaking!

There’s not enough food to feed 5,000 people! Surprise, everyone is full and there are leftovers!

Your hand is healed! Surprise!

Get up, you can walk! Surprise!

You are cleansed of leprosy! Surprise!

Lazarus is not dead! Surprise!

You are a condemned sinner but now you’re forgiven! Surprise!

Apparently Judas learned something about surprises from Jesus because Judas had a little surprise of his own, right? You claim to be God but I’m handing you over to be crucified! Surprise!

And then Jesus had a little surprise for Satan! You thought I was dead and gone, I am risen! SURPRISE!

And finally, just when you thought God was all out of surprises, God sends His Holy Spirit into the hearts of His faithful that they might know Him, think like Him, and become like Him. Surprise! Yes, by His Spirit God restores His children to His likeness and image that was lost “in the beginning.” Freedom is ours. Original holiness is ours. Salvation is ours. Surprise!

St. Paul tells the Romans today, “The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if only we suffer with him so that we may also be glorified with him.” (ROM 8:14-17)

OMG! God is three! Surprise! Glory to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; to God who is, who was, and who is to come. (RV 1:8) Today we celebrate the most Holy Trinity. We celebrate what could only have been known because the God of the universe chose to reveal something about His inner self, something closest to Himself to people He loves very much.

The God of love, who never ceases to surprise us, wants to love and surprise others too. God does not want our joy to be contained within us, but instead to be shared with others. We share our life, our love, and our joy with those around us! As His children, we must be full of surprises too!

The truth be told, I have a confession to make: I still play “peak-a-boo,” but with other people’s baby! With friends, or family, and sometimes with complete strangers, I always take the time to teach the importance and joy of surprise. (Disclaimer: Get permission first with stranger’s children!) Don’t keep it to yourself, Jesus says!

In today’s gospel, “Jesus approached and said to [the eleven], ‘All power in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, until the end of the age.'” (MT 28:16-20)

God is our Father. God is risen. God is Spirit. God is one and three. He is with us forever. What an amazing surprise! Happy Trinity Sunday. Go be like God, surprise someone you love. Surprise someone who needs to know they are loved.

Blessings, Stephen

By catholicevangelist

Is This Your Fight Song?

This reflection is for Pentecost Sunday Mass During the Day, Cycle B, 5/20/2018.

Okay, so I have a confession to make, I love Rachel Platten’s song, “Fight Song.” I think the song gives such great testimony to the power and influence that a singe individual can make in transforming the world. In the opening lines she says, “Like a small boat on the ocean, Sending big waves into motion. Like how a single word Can make a heart open, I might only have one match But I can make an explosion.”

Her song teaches us the truth that every thing that every person does can have an immeasurable impact and can transform lives, and even the world. And this is what Jesus did, and this is what he calls us to do today. Jesus told his disciples, “I have come to set the world ablaze! And how I wish it were already burning” (LK 12:49).

Fire is an amazing force, and an appropriate image for the Holy Spirit. Fire brings warmth, peace, comfort, and security when there is fear, uncertainty, danger, and darkness. How valuable a camp fire for one who is alone in the wilderness! Fire is also trans-formative. It changes everything that it touches! Burning wood becomes ash, burnt prairie teams with new growth and, if not for fire, the giant sequoia would never release its seeds for new life. And this is why Jesus sent His Spirit to the earth: to be our comfort, our guide, our security, our hope, and our force for transforming our life, our family, and our world. Jesus calls us to make disciples of all nations and to proclaim The Kingdom with boldness, and it’s the Holy Spirit received at baptism and strengthened at Confirmation that enables us to do just that!

The Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches, “The reception of the sacrament of Confirmation is necessary for the completion of baptismal grace, and by it we are more perfectly bound to the Church and are enriched with a special strength of the Holy Spirit which makes us true witnesses of Christ, more strictly obliged to spread and able to defend the faith through our word and actions.” (C.C.C. 1285) In baptism we receive the Holy Spirit and the gifts of the Holy Spirit, but in Confirmation they truly come alive in us! Confirmation is like steroids for the gifts of the Holy Spirit within us! What are the gifts that the Spirit gives?

You might remember that they are those gifts prophesied by Isaiah, found in the Book of Isaiah 11:2-3. They are Knowledge, Understanding, Wisdom, Counsel, Fortitude, Fear of the Lord, and Piety. It might be helpful to remember them this way: The Spirit gives us knowledge, which is good, but doesn’t exactly help us to solve our everyday problems. Knowledge is good, but what we really need is to understand. Understanding allows us to not just know it, but really “get it!” Once we get it, it’s time to apply it to the normal circumstances of life. The real-life application of knowledge and understanding is wisdom. That’s usually the toughest part though. Actually LIVING what we know to be true and applying it in the concrete circumstances of life! That’s where the fourth gift comes in, namely, fortitude/strength. Fortitude steels our spine that we might do what we ought, even in difficult situations. Now that you know the way and go the way, it’s time to be a great leader and show the way. That’s the fifth gift of the Spirit, Council. Council means that you are now helping others to know what to do and to do it. Of course, when people recognize how thoughtful you are, how wise you are, and how strong you are, this can easily lead to arrogance and pride! It can all go to our head and we begin to act as though all of this greatness is from us! That’s where the sixth gift comes in: fear of the Lord. Fear of the Lord is not being afraid of God, but is rather a healthy respect for the greatness of God. Fear of the Lord recognizes that everything I am, everything I have, and everything I do is entirely owed to God. HE is the one to whom the glory goes–not me! Fear of the Lord recognizes that I am merely the vessel of God’s gifts and in no way deserve any of the credit. And that is sometimes a bitter pill to swallow, I’m afraid. In a world of self-aggrandizement, humbly giving glory to others is quite difficult. The pious person does not have this issue. The seventh gift of the Holy Spirit, piety, finds absolute joy and fulfillment in the fear of the Lord. The pious person points always to the Lord and wouldn’t have it any other way.

With these gifts, the disciple of Jesus Christ can transform the world! We are courageous soldiers of Jesus who humbly yet boldly say what is true, give direction in life, take leadership roles, and give all the glory to God. It’s no wonder that Jesus asks so much of us, He gave us the means to achieve everything He had done, and more! In John 14:12 Jesus says, “Amen, amen, I say to you, whoever believes in me will do the works that I do, and will do greater ones than these, because I am going to the Father.” He knew we could do it because He promised that we would receive this amazing gift of the Spirit, first at Pentecost, and then with the laying on of hands by those at Pentecost! And the power of the Spirit has been transferred from the Apostles by the laying on of hands in every generation until today!

Jesus told His disciples, “But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, throughout Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” (Acts 1:6) Simon, the magician, was so impressed by the power of the Holy Spirit transferred through the laying-on of hands, that he tried to buy it! Acts 8:18 reads, “When Simon saw that the Spirit was conferred by the laying on of the apostles’ hands, he offered them money and said, ‘Give me this power too, so that anyone upon whom I lay my hands may receive the holy Spirit.’ But Peter said to him, ‘May your money perish with you, because you thought that you could buy the gift of God with money.'” The act of attempting to buy or sell the power of God is aptly called, “simony,” named after Simon the Magician.

You see, from the very beginning the Spirit has been a gift to the world. That’s it. It is free, but NOT cheap. Jesus’ death and resurrection has paid the price for this gift to us. It is not something that can be bought, but a person must be open to receiving the gift and must be willing to cooperate with God’s gift for it to truly take root and transform his/her life. It’s not magic, after all. It is the gift of God that binds us to Jesus and the Church, and enables us to fight the good fight and live out Jesus’ commandment to love.

The Church teaches that the laying on of hands in Confirmation doesn’t do anything new in us, as we already have the Spirit and It’s gifts, but it does strengthen those gifts in us–for one purpose and one purpose only. The Catechism teaches, “Confirmation brings an increase and deepening of baptismal grace: it roots us more deeply as children of God;  it unites us more firmly to Christ; it increases the gifts of the Holy Spirit in us; it more perfectly bonds us with the Church; it gives us a special strength of the Holy Spirit to spread and defend the faith by word and action as true witnesses of Christ, to confess the name of Christ boldly, and never to be ashamed of the Cross. (C.C.C. 1303)

If we are His, we must boldly proclaim Him to the world. We must spread the Good News of salvation in Jesus Christ that the whole world might know Him, love Him, and serve Him–and it’s the Spirit’s presence and working in us that transforms us into these bold courageous witnesses to Jesus. What will our lives look like if we are His, and what will the world look like when every knee bends at the sound of His name?

St. Paul first gives a glimpse of what living apart from the Spirit looks like (living in the flesh), and secondly, what living in step with the Spirit looks like when they are filled with, and responding to the presence of the Spirit within them. He teaches that if they have the Spirit, and the Gifts of the Spirit, then they should be producing the Fruit of the Spirit. He says, “Brothers and sisters, live by the Spirit and you will certainly not gratify the desire of the flesh. Now the works of the flesh are obvious: immorality, impurity, lust, idolatry, sorcery, hatreds, rivalry, jealousy, outbursts of fury, acts of selfishness, dissensions, factions, occasions of envy, drinking bouts, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. In contrast, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law. Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified their flesh with its passions and desires. If we live in the Spirit, let us also follow the Spirit. (5:15-25)

Jesus wants to transform the world, and it’s His Spirit that will do it–but not alone. Today we celebrate Pentecost Sunday, the birthday of the Church, whereby Jesus sent His Spirit into the hearts of the faithful, giving them gifts that they might produce fruit for a hungry world. Jesus is the only saver of souls, and no one can say, “Lord, lord, except by the Holy Spirit” (1 COR 12:3). It is our job as His disciples to share the name of Jesus in word and deed. We are called to day-by-day bring light and love, goodness and truth, wholeness, mercy, forgiveness, and compassion to thirsty souls. That’s a pretty difficult thing to do, of course, especially as the world becomes increasingly violent, but the true disciple will continue to love in spite of suffering and pain.

Jesus promised His disciples that in these last days, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be famines and earthquakes from place to place. All these are the beginning of the labor pains. Then they will hand you over to persecution, and they will kill you. You will be hated by all nations because of my name. And then many will be led into sin; they will betray and hate one another. Many false prophets will arise and deceive many; and because of the increase of evildoing, the love of many will grow cold. But the one who perseveres to the end will be saved. And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached throughout the world as a witness to all nations, and then the end will come. (MT 24:7-14)

No big surprise, then, all this should be expected. Let’s do our job: receive the Spirit and Its gifts, call on the Spirit, produce good fruit, boldly proclaim Christ, and persevere until The End. I mean, “Like a small boat on the ocean, Sending big waves into motion. Like how a single word Can make a heart open, I might only have one match But I can make an explosion.” (And set the world ablaze for Jesus!) Amen?

Easter Blessings, Stephen

By catholicevangelist

Where Did Jesus Go?

This reflection is for Ascension Sunday, Cycle B, 5/13/2018.

I was surprised recently when talking with my students. It was this past Friday before Mother’s Day/Ascension Sunday. I like to make sure that my students are thoughtful about their mothers and how much their mother’s do for them and sacrifice for them. One of my students, when making a mother’s day card, wrote in Spanish in big letters, “I know I’m not the best son, but I’ll always love you, mom.” As I read it I told him how powerful it was and that I’m sure his mom would appreciate it. He said, “Yeah, Mr. Valgos, moms never stop loving you no matter how bad you mess up.”

As I agreed with him, I thought about my own mom and how many times I’ve messed up, and I thought about my wife and how much she loves our boys and sacrifices for them. I was immediately overcome with gratitude for both my mom and my wife, and got all choked up and became teary-eyed. Not a single one of my students clowned me for it. When you teach alternative education, everyone knows moms reign supreme. They pick up the phone, they hassle the kids, they make sure they’re dressed, on the bus, and are passing their classes. Moms are the ones who sacrifice everything for their children. In this Age of the Church, Jesus is working through moms in a powerful way. Many will come to know the love of God through the love of their mom.

Today we celebrate the Ascension of Jesus. In the Creed we announce that, “He ascended into Heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father” (C.C.C.659-667). And the very next phrase is, “He will come again to judge the living and the dead” (C.C.C. 668-682). It is very important that we reflect a moment on the implications of these two short phrases because the implications are tremendous. I hear quite often that Jesus “lives in you and me,” or that Jesus “is in my heart.” But technically speaking, how is that possible if the resurrected Jesus “ascended to the Father” and “will return to judge” at the end of time, as we state every Sunday in the Creed?

I once saw a bumper sticker that read, “Jesus will return! Look busy!” If Jesus will return…then how can He also “be here” or “in my heart”? What I think most people really mean is that, “the Spirit of Jesus” lives within us, or that Jesus’ Spirit is here among us. It is the Holy Spirit that is Jesus’ active force in the world today. That, after all, is the importance of Pentecost, which we celebrate this coming Sunday! Jesus looked forward to ascending to the Father so that He could send the Holy Spirit (cf JN 16:7) and usher in the “age of the Church” whereby Jesus would act in and through his faithful disciples, the body of Christ, the Church.

The Catechism says it like this, “The gift of the Spirit ushers in a new era in the ‘dispensation of the mystery’–the age of the Church, during which Christ manifests, makes present, and communicates his work of salvation through the liturgy of his Church, ‘until he comes.’ In this age of the Church Christ now lives and acts in and with his church.” (C.C.C. 1076) In yesterday’s Gospel reading Jesus says to His Father, “As you sent me into the world, so I sent them into the world” (JN 17:18).

A great way to see these two realities lived out quite clearly is by comparing Luke, the evangelist’s, two writings, namely, the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles. Acts is part two of the Gospel of Luke. The Gospel of Luke begins with, “Since many have undertaken to compile a narrative of the events that have been fulfilled among us, just as those who were eyewitnesses from the beginning and ministers of the word have handed them down to us, I too have decided, after investigating everything accurately anew, to write it down in an orderly sequence for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may realize the certainty of the teachings you have received” (Luke 1:1-4). So the Gospel clearly intended to gather information about Jesus’ life for “Theophilus” (which translates “Theo” = God + “Philus”= lover, so a “lover of God”) into an orderly narrative from the beginning to the end of Jesus’ life. Luke ends with Jesus’ ascension into heaven.

Acts of the Apostles is our reading for today, and begins with, “In the first book, Theophilus, I dealt with all that Jesus did and taught until the day he was taken up, after giving instructions through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.” (Acts 1:1-2) Clearly Acts continues Luke’s teachings about Jesus, only Acts IS NOT about Jesus, per se. It is instead about the Body of Christ! Whereas we saw the earthly Jesus in the Gospel, we now see Jesus in Heaven working through the Holy Spirit in and through His Church in the Acts of the Apostles.

The Acts of the Apostles replaces the Old Testament reading throughout the Easter Season. We’ve been hearing from it everyday since Easter and we continue to hear from it right up to Pentecost. You might have noticed that in Acts, the Apostles heal people, show mercy to people, and proclaim the good news–in other words, they continue the mission and ministry of Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit–and it all begins at Pentecost!

If you want to see Jesus in action, read the Gospel! If you want to see Jesus Spirit in action, read Acts of the Apostles. The Holy Spirit is sent to Jesus’ disciples that they might be Him on earth until He returns. No, Jesus is NOT in your heart, is not in your neighbor, and is not in the Church–the Spirit of Jesus is! Jesus is seated at the right hand of God and will come again to Judge the living and the dead. The Holy Spirit binds believers together into one body with Jesus as the head. The Spirit makes Christ a present reality in and through His members, the Church, the Body of Christ.

Teresa of Avila (1515–1582) said it perfectly and beautifully when she wrote the following poem:

Christ Has No Body

Christ has no body but yours,
No hands, no feet on earth but yours,
Yours are the eyes with which he looks
Compassion on this world,
Yours are the feet with which he walks to do good,
Yours are the hands, with which he blesses all the world.
Yours are the hands, yours are the feet,
Yours are the eyes, you are his body.
Christ has no body now but yours,
No hands, no feet on earth but yours,
Yours are the eyes with which he looks
compassion on this world.
Christ has no body now on earth but yours.

In today’s Gospel Jesus said to his disciples, “’Go into the whole world and proclaim the gospel to every creature. Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved; whoever does not believe will be condemned. These signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will drive out demons, they will speak new languages. They will pick up serpents with their hands, and if they drink any deadly thing, it will not harm them. They will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.’ So then the Lord Jesus, after he spoke to them, was taken up into heaven and took his seat at the right hand of God. But they went forth and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and confirmed the word through accompanying signs.”

Jesus is still “here” and working with and through His Church by the power of the Holy Spirit. We will indeed experience Jesus today–by the Holy Spirit that makes Christ present during this Age of the Church–most especially in the Eucharist. But we will experience Him primarily through others. Through other people’s responding to Jesus and producing good fruit. We will experience the fruit of the Spirit by their love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self control (cf. GAL 5:22).

We will come to know Jesus Christ ascended by the working of His Spirit through the Church. We will come to believe in Him by the way that they live out holy lives. We will come to hear the words of God, see the face of God, feel the love of God through others…moms first of all. And we should do the same.

On this celebration of Mother’s Day we give thanks for all those moms who responded to Jesus’ call to proclaim the Gospel to every nation…starting in their home, with their husband and with their children. Thank you, mom. Thank you, wife. Thank you, Jesus. And we who have come to know the love, mercy, and forgiveness of Jesus are called to go out and do likewise. We continue by the power of the same Spirit of Jesus that animated them to love to then go out and show love, forgiveness, and mercy to others. And that’s how we and the Holy Spirit build the Kingdom of God. Let’s get started! The King will soon return. Look busy.


Easter Blessings,

By catholicevangelist

Love. Period.

This reflection is for the 6th Sunday of Easter, Cycle B, 5/6/2018.

My son, Luke, receives the Sacrament of Holy Eucharist today for the first time! Yeah! Naturally, he’s very excited, and we  have spent a long time learning what Catholics believe about the Real Presence of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist.

We believe that this bread and wine have become, by the power of the Holy Spirit, the body, blood, soul, and divinity of Jesus Christ, our Lord. We are what we eat, and when we eat the flesh and blood of the Son of Man, His blood mingles with ours, like water and wine, and we become more like Him–which, of course, is the whole journey of our Christian life. In this journey is growth in holiness and sanctification. The Church teaches that, “The Eucharist is the source and summit of the Christian life. In the blessed Eucharist is contained the whole spiritual good of the Church, namely Christ himself.” (C.C.C. 1324), and elsewhere that, “The Eucharist is the sum and summary of our faith.” (C.C.C. 1327)

What follows below are both Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition that stand as a witness to the teachings above. We begin with Jesus’ teaching, often called The Bread of Life Discourse. It is worth reading in its entirety. You can follow the link to read all of chapter 6.

In John 6:53-58, Jesus tells his disciples, “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him. Just as the living Father sent me and I have life because of the Father, so also the one who feeds on me will have life because of me. This is the bread that came down from heaven. Unlike your ancestors who ate and still died, whoever eats this bread will live forever.”

Incidentally, this is the ONLY place in Scripture where Jesus’ disciples walk away from Him never to return. They say His teaching is just too much. It’s too hard for them to wrap their mind around. John 6:60 reads, “Then many of his disciples who were listening said, ‘This saying is hard; who can accept it?’…As a result of this, many [of] his disciples returned to their former way of life and no longer accompanied him. Jesus then said to the Twelve, ‘Do you also want to leave?’ Simon Peter answered him, ‘Master, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.'” (vs. 66-68)

The saying is hard–it’s true. It is difficult to understand, and can be accessed not with reason, but instead only through faith. Our experience is that with the words of consecration, by the power of the Holy Spirit, ordinary bread is transformed into our extraordinary God. Just as many people only saw an ordinary man, in Jesus, those with faith were able to see more. They were able to see the Messiah and Son of God.

The words of consecration, by which the change occurs, comes from The Last Supper Discourse found in Matthew, Mark, and Luke. (Mt. 26:17–30, Mk. 14:12–26, Lk. 22:7–39 and Jn. 13:1–17:26). The Matthean version is below and should sound familiar to church-goers.

Matthew 26:26-28 reads, “While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, ‘Take and eat; this is my body.’ Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, ‘Drink from it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins.'”

Clearly, the tradition of celebrating the Lord’s Supper continued in the early Church because, St. Paul, who was not at Jesus’ last supper with the disciples, is able to teach the Church in Corinth the tradition that had been handed on to him. He even goes so far as to say that you need to examine yourself or else! We must confess, and be reconciled to God and the community before we receive communion with the Lord and with one another–or else our communion is not communion at all! If we are not reconciled then we are not truly in communion; we are divided and our communion is a lie.

St. Paul teaches, “For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night he was handed over, took bread, and, after he had given thanks, broke it and said, ‘This is my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.’ In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, ‘This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.’ For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord until he comes. Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord unworthily will have to answer for the body and blood of the Lord. A person should examine himself, and so eat the bread and drink the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself.” 1 Corinthians 11:23-29

The Book of Revelation gives the Christian community a glimpse “behind the veil” at the worship that goes on in perpetuity in the Heavenly Jerusalem. John says that the Lion has triumphed, but when he turns around he sees not a lion, but a Lamb that seemed to have been slain. John says, “I shed many tears because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to examine it. One of the elders said to me, ‘Do not weep. The lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has triumphed, enabling him to open the scroll with its seven seals.’ Then I saw standing in the midst of the throne and the four living creatures and the elders a Lamb that seemed to have been slain.” (Revelation 5:1)

Jesus, the Lamb of God, remains for us the sacrificed Lamb. Jesus continues to offer himself, at every moment of every day for us and for our salvation. The sacrifice of Christ is not a time-bound event, but instead is an eternal event, that exists in every moment all the time. This can be very difficult to understand, naturally, because we don’t often experience eternal realities. Difficult to understand, yes, but where else would we go? He has the words of eternal life, right?

The early Church certainly believed so, and they went to great lengths to teach clearly what we believe, as it wasn’t any easier to believe back then either! In fact, the early church was thought to be cannibalistic, because they ate the flesh of their savior!

St. Justin the Martyr (c. 100 – 165 A.D.) wrote, “We call this food Eucharist; and no one else is permitted to partake of it, except one who believes our teaching to be true and who has been washed in the washing which is for the remission of sins and for regeneration [Baptism], and is thereby living as Christ has enjoined. For not as common bread nor common drink do we receive these; but since Jesus Christ our Savior was made incarnate by the word of God and had both flesh and blood for our salvation, so too, as we have been taught, the food which has been made into the Eucharist by the Eucharistic prayer set down by Him, AND BY THE CHANGE OF WHICH our blood and flesh is nourished, IS BOTH THE FLESH AND THE BLOOD OF THAT INCARNATED JESUS. (First Apology, 66)

St. Cyril of Jerusalem (c.350 A.D.) taught similarly, “Do not, therefore, regard the Bread and the Wine as simply that; for they are, according to the Master’s declaration, the Body and Blood of Christ. Even though the senses suggest to you the other, let faith make you firm. Do not judge in this matter by taste, but — be fully assured by the faith, not doubting that you have been deemed worthy of the Body and Blood of Christ.” (22 [Mystagogic 4], 6)

Click HERE for more quotes on the Eucharist from the early church fathers.

Jesus taught it, His disciples continued it, St. Paul taught it, St. John saw it, Saints Justin the Martyr and Cyril of Jerusalem, taught it, and we continue to teach it right to this very day when my son Luke will receive the Bread of Salvation! As the readings today teach, “In truth, I see that God shows no partiality. Rather, in every nation whoever fears him and acts uprightly is acceptable to him.” (Acts 10:25) What an amazing God we have that He would bless us with so much, and that His arms are spread so wide. God desires that all come to believe and receive salvation in Him.

The Lord Jesus, out of crazy love, takes on human flesh, endures suffering and death, and offers himself as a perpetual sacrifice, so that we could be united with the most Holy Trinity forever. And what is the appropriate response from every believer who has received this gift? Love. That’s it. That’s our job. In 1 JN 4:7-10 the epistle teaches the early Church, “Beloved, let us love one another, because love is of God; everyone who loves is begotten by God and knows God. Whoever is without love does not know God, for God is love.”

It’s really quite simple, God the Father loves Jesus. Jesus loves us. We love each other. Love forgives, heals, brings wholeness, and sacrifices for the beloved.  Today’s Gospel spells it out quite plainly for us as well. From Acts to 1JN to the Gospel, we are called to love. The Gospel reads, “Jesus said to his disciples: ‘As the Father loves me, so I also love you. Remain in my love. If you keep my commandments, you will remain in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and remain in his love. This is my commandment: love one another as I love you. No one has greater love than this, to lay down one’s life for one’s friends. You are my friends if you do what I command you. This I command you: love one another.'”

Love one another. That’s what Jesus did, and continues to do–especially in the Eucharist. We receive His very life blood in the Eucharist not only for our own sake, but so that we can be like Him and love like him for ourselves and for the world.  Love. Period. Amen?

By catholicevangelist

Pruning? That Could Sting A Bit!

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This reflection is for the 5th Sunday of Easter, Cycle B, 4/29/2018.

In today’s Gospel, taken from John chapter 15, Jesus tells his disciples, “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vine grower. He takes away every branch in me that does not bear fruit, and every one that does he prunes so that it bears more fruit. ” (vs. 2) Growing up in the Central Valley, it is easy to understand the image of pruning both vines, as we have many grapes, and tree branches, as we are blessed with an abundance of fruit-producing trees. I grew up earning money each Christmas vacation at veterinarian Gary Daily’s property, picking up tree prunings from the ground and gathering them together into a large pile to be burned. When Jesus tells his disciples that His Father, the vine grower, takes away every branch that does not bear fruit, and prunes the others so that they bear more, we need to appreciate exactly what that means and why that occurs.

I planted fruit trees in my back yard when I lived in Salinas, and the first three years are particularly important for pruning, as this is when the tree is shaped and the lasting structure of the tree is formed. In other words, in the first three years there isn’t a lot of fruit being produced, but the pruning is important because it is formative. The tree is in the process of “formation” so that the tree can ultimately support the crop load in the coming years. And the same is true in our Christian life–formation is key.

Right now I am going through the discernment process for becoming a deacon in the Catholic Church. The program is rightfully called a “formation” program. The process seeks to shape the deacon as a prayerful Christian minister, who loves God and neighbor with his whole heart. A big part of this formation period is removing all the distractions possible! I have been asked to “prune” away some ministerial activities that I enjoy very much, such as preaching at a friend’s church, leading youth retreats, and giving adult lectures, missions, and retreats. I hate to give those things up, and it pains me to do so, but it is very important that I do. And here’s why: I enjoy and am good at “talking,” but to be a well-balanced minister I need to get out of my “head” and into my heart. I need to have a meaningful prayer life and a life of service to the poor, the marginalized, and those most in need. I am quite imbalanced that way, actually. Instead of praying, it’s very easy for me to study and write. Instead of serving the poor, it’s very easy for me to preach and to teach those who are already in the Christian community. I am much more comfortable teaching Christians than getting my hands dirty with the poor, and I often skip prayer in order to study!

But God needs a prayer warrior who serves and teaches by his love, and not just the guy who preaches the Good News. If I were a tree I’d fall over! A full two-thirds of my balanced Christian life is underdeveloped! Here I am writing now! Each of us must be thoughtful about whether or not we are a “well-balanced” Christian. God wants to use us to provide a great variety of fruit in the coming years, but if we develop only one aspect of our Christian life at the expense of other areas, we run the risk of producing limited fruit, or ultimately, damaging the tree (that’s us).

Sister Wanda, my formation director, asked me to hold off on some areas of ministry so that I might grow more in prayer and service. What about you? How is your prayer life? Do you have one? What is your level of commitment to serving the poor and marginalized in our communities? Do you do any intellectual work at all? What Christian book are you reading? Which theologian are you studying? Is there any at all? Do you work with homeless shelters, foster youth programs, support women’s shelters, or provide food or clothing for the homeless? Do you assist at or visit elderly care facilities? There is so much work to be done! So many need to experience the healing hands of Jesus Christ through us! Have we gotten comfortable with what we’re naturally good at but have become imbalanced?

Beyond formation, fruit trees are pruned every year to improve fruit quality. Horticulturalist, Bill Hanlin, says that pruning trees is a “necessary chore that improves sunlight penetration” and “increases air movement through the tree.” That’s also true of our Christian life. First, know that it is a necessary CHORE. Pruning is neither fun nor easy. I’m quite sure the trees aren’t standing around thinking, “I can’t wait to have my limbs chopped off!” Nor is the farmer looking forward to getting out there and doing it! But the farmer does do it, and the tree does goes through it, and they’re both the better for it.

The first step in the pruning is to remove any diseased or damaged branches, as diseased limbs will carry the disease into the upcoming season causing bacteria growth and can spread to other branches. Damaged limbs are more susceptible to disease and insect infestation that can further damage the tree. In our spiritual life, God wants us to be healthy, happy, and whole. God’s desire is not that we carry our brokenness around with us. When life damages our hearts or when people break our spirit with injustice, parts of ourselves become broken. When we carry around anger, bitterness, despair, sadness, and pain, like that fruit tree, these “broken limbs” open us up to disease that is contagious! God wants to remove these branches from our life. He wants to remove this bacteria that weakens us and threatens others. When we carry around bitterness and pain, we become dark and unloving. Our disease contaminates our most important relationships. We pray less often, we are short tempered with our spouse, our children, our coworkers, and customers. Instead of producing fruit for a hungry world, we instead spread destruction and disease. We need to be healed. We need to be pruned.

The third reason form pruning, beyond formation and to remove dead and diseased limbs, is because of what farmers call “vigorous upright growth from the previous season.” Limbs shoot up vertically from the branches (called water sprouts) that will not bear fruit and can create excessive shading on the interior of the tree. Vigorous upright growth sounds really good! It’s vigorous and it’s upright! It’s fast growing directly to the sun…except it doesn’t produce fruit! Instead it only uses up the tree’s resources that should be dedicated to fruit-producing branches. Although farmers usually prune in December, and citizens of the world in anticipation of the New Year do the same, Christians do this pruning primarily during the season of Lent. Lent is when we take a good hard look at the areas of growth that are not producing fruit in our life. I mean, sure, we’re busy, but too often we become busy with things that are not helpful for our Christian life.

For example, in solidarity with coworkers, we decide to start going to staff get-togethers weekly at a local bar or restaurant. It’s good enough and is causing vigorous upright growth, but as we evaluate our year, we can see that although it’s good for the work environment and relationships, it’s using precious resources such as money and time, that should be used on family and those in need. This is always that hardest part of pruning. Cutting off dead and diseased branches is easy and obvious. The more difficult task is to ask, “What ‘good’ am I doing that is keeping me from doing the ‘great’ that God desires of me?”

Sometimes we spread ourselves too thin. We do a lot of good in a whole lot of places, only to realize that we haven’t done much total good at all-nor have we advanced God’s kingdom. Jesus tells his disciples, “You are already pruned because of the word I spoke to you,” but he also says that the vine grower, “takes away every branch in me that does not bear fruit, and every one that does he prunes so that it bears more fruit.” We are pruned and are producing fruit, but we need to continue to cut out areas of our life so that the ones that remain produce fruit in greater abundance.

The fruit of the Spirit-filled life, St. Paul tells the Galatians, is “love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control.” (5:22-23). When we are formed well, when we are pruned to remove brokenness and disease, and when we remove areas of growth that undermine production of fruit, we are better able to love others. We are a more joyful person. When conflict arises, not only are we NOT the source of that conflict, but we might even be an instrument of peace in it. We are more able to be patient when tempers flair of when long suffering strikes. In a world with so much need, anger, and selfishness, we can remain kind and generous to others who are in need. We are people of faith in a world of darkness–gentle and kind, and never out of control!

As we said above, a good pruning removes the darkness from within the tree. It allows sunlight to enter into the core of the tree and allows fresh are to blow though it’s branches, and so it is with us. God wants us to create fruit for a hungry world. If we’re going to produce that fruit, we need to allow God to prune that darkness from our life.

Finally, when we have been properly pruned and formed, and the dead, diseased, non-fruit producing branches removed; when light fills our hearts and the Spirit moves freely about, the final step is to remove the pruned wood from around the tree. It must be picked up and burned. If these branches are left near the tree they can be a source of disease and pest infestation in the upcoming season. After all this transformation of the interior of our life occurs, the last thing we want is to ruin our upcoming season by clinging to vines and growth that has been pruned away. Sometimes we just need to clean house. Give it away, dispose of it, or burn it–just get it out of the garden! What does God want to prune from your life this season that you might produce fruit in abundance? Some unhealthy relationships, maybe? Some unhealthy activities? Some addictions to entertainment, social media, sports, alcohol, drugs, pornography, gambling? These “branches” are the unhealthy, diseased, broken, and otherwise non-fruit producing branches that the Vine Grower seeks to remove. Isn’t it time to allow the Holy Spirit to do It’s work in your life?

God’s desire is that we produce ever more fruit from season to season. His desire is that as each year passes we are more able to provide spiritual fruit for those who are hungry. Each year we should love Him more and love our neighbor more. It’s not too late to start pruning. Amen?

Easter Blessings, Stephen

By catholicevangelist

Other Sheep in Other Flocks? What?!

This reflection is for the 4th Sunday of Easter, Cycle B, 4/22/2018.

In today’s Gospel Jesus tells his faithful disciples what so many Christians DO NOT want to hear, namely, that Jesus may have someone else “on the side!” Yikes! “But…but…I thought you only had eyes for me, Jesus!”

I distinctly remember having lunch with some amazingly faithful, generous, and kind, Christian friends who with the greatest of confidence said, “If a person has not accepted Jesus into their heart, they cannot be saved. They are in Hell.” He did admit that he was sorry to say it, but that it was absolutely true. But this view is inconsistent with Jesus’ actions and outlook as he ministered, and exactly the opposite of what we hear Jesus say today, and what the Church teaches.

Today Jesus tells His disciples, “I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. These also I must lead, and they will hear my voice, and there will be one flock, one shepherd” (JN 10:16) What?! Scandalous! Who are these “other sheep” that MY LORD also loves?

Well, certainly in Jesus’ day this would have meant the gentiles–or non-Jews–and this inclusivity became the cause of much division within the apostolic Church! In fact, the admittance of the gentiles is settled in Acts 15:28 and the rest of the book of Acts as well as the rest of the Scripture, right up to the book of Revelation shows the great struggle with how to be a Jewish-Gentile Christian community in light of the Holy Spirit’s guidance toward greater inclusivity.

Every part of Jesus’ ministry challenges the status quo with regard to who is blessed and who is not. Jesus always invited others to “put out into the deep” so the catch might be more abundant–and it always is with God. Jesus came that the whole of humanity might have life through him–that none should be lost.

But what to make of Peter’s seemingly narrow statement to the leaders of the people and elders, wherein he proclaims they must know that, “There is no salvation through anyone else, nor is there any other name under heaven given to the human race by which we are to be saved.” (Acts 4:12)

Many Christian communities take these Scripture verses and use them to advance an agenda of exclusivity quite contrary to the teachings of Jesus. Jesus DOES make it clear, and so we believe, that He is the way, the truth, and the life, and that none go to the father except through he (JN 14:6), and Peter makes it clear that there is no salvation apart from Jesus.

The Catechism of the Catholic Church teaches how these verses can be reconciled with what we heard today, and it has to do with the grace and mercy of God for all His children, by whatever name they call Him, and in whatever way they understand Him.

The Church teaches both the necessity of baptism for salvation, AND that there is more than one way to receive the grace of baptism–even without receiving Christian baptism itself. In the Catechism, paragraph 1257 on The Necessity of Baptism, she writes, “The Lord himself affirms that Baptism is necessary for salvation…The Church does not know of any means other than Baptism that assures entry into eternal beatitude; this is why she takes care not to neglect the mission she has received from the Lord to see that all who can be baptized are “reborn of water and the Spirit.” God has bound salvation to the sacrament of Baptism, but he himself is not bound by his sacraments.”

The last line is crucial, as it allows for God to be God. It recognizes that God has indeed provided a way in baptism for the salvation of souls, but ultimately, God can save souls anywhere and anytime, through any means God chooses, in ways known only to Himself and the one(s) to whom it has been revealed! We don’t know of any–but that doesn’t mean that God doesn’t have any!

The following two paragraphs, 1258 and 1259 speak of what is commonly called, baptism of desire. The first is by blood, where one was martyred for their faith in Jesus even before being brought into the community for baptism, and the second, the baptism of desire, whereby a person desired baptism but for whatever reason (ignorance, location, scandal, etc.) is prevented from receiving it.

In both cases, we recognize God’s greatness and the tragedy of human limitation that kept that person from entering the waters. And the teaching goes that the grace of baptism that is normally received with water can be applied to that person in light of their desire for it. God will not be denied those who seek Him.

And finally, probably the most difficult for many, the following paragraph opens the door of grace wide for all the rest who have not been baptized nor desired baptism explicitly at all. It’s worth noting here in its entirety.

C.C.C. 1260 “‘Since Christ died for all, and since all men are in fact called to one and the same destiny, which is divine, we must hold that the Holy Spirit offers to all the possibility of being made partakers, in a way known to God, of the Paschal mystery.’ Every man who is ignorant of the Gospel of Christ and of his Church, but seeks the truth and does the will of God in accordance with his understanding of it, can be saved. It may be supposed that such persons would have desired Baptism explicitly if they had known its necessity.”

The Church’s teaching admits of the great impediments and limits to human understanding and to the abundant mercy and generosity of our Father-who desires that none should be lost. Jesus, the good shepherd, lays down his life for all his sheep–those we know of and those we do not.

Sadly, I fear far too many Christians spend an inordinate amount of time trying to decide who gets to go to Heaven and who is in Hell. Time, I believe, that would be better spent on showing love, forgiveness, and mercy to those in need. It’s not our job to decide who doesn’t meet the criteria and is in hell. Incidentally, the church admits of none by name who are in hell, but only that hell does indeed exist for those who knowingly and freely reject God and His love (C.C.C. 1035). For my part, I hope no one is in hell at all and that beyond this earthly life they discover the God of mercy, repent, and believe.

So as it turns out, you and I may have to share our Lord with those that we don’t even know about! How exciting! I can’t wait to get to heaven to meet all the rest of my brothers and sisters in Christ! Jesus calls us to love–that’s it. Not to condemn, judge, or speculate, but to love. Not a bad gig. I’ll try to love more tomorrow than I was able to today, and God can be God.

Easter Blessings, Stephen

By catholicevangelist

Can I Get A Witness?!

This reflection is for the 3rd Sunday of Easter, Cycle B, 4/15/2018.

I have always loved, and still love, audience participation! I try my best as a teacher to get my students involved through call and response opportunities. At the military academy I give the command, “Ears!” to which my students respond, “Open!” or after counting backward from 20 I say, “Zerooooo!” to which they respond, “Freeze recruit, freeze!” All day long I engage my students’ eyes, ears, body, and mind by inviting them to respond in some appropriate way that I have taught them. Not only is it helpful to get my students’ full, undivided attention, but also makes the day a lot more fun for everyone!

Of course, this concept of audience participation is not new to Christianity either. St. Augustine was said to be a particularly fiery preacher who expected his audience to respond with “booooes” or cheers that were appropriate to his message. The Second Vatican Council in its Constitution on the Divine Liturgy, Sacrosanctum concilium, invites the faithful to, full, active, conscience participation in the liturgy. I don’t think we’ve even begun yet to realize their hopes for active engagement in our liturgies–mind, body, and soul!

I love listening to black preachers (I’m thinking of Southern Baptist, white shirt and tie, drenched in sweat and holding up a Bible!) who effectively call on their audience to provide a witness to the truthfulness of what is being said. “Can I get a witnessss-uh!” to which the faithful respond, “Amen! Preach it!”

Today’s Gospel has Jesus saying, “Can I get a witness?” What exactly is a witness, and why do they matter so much? Eye witness testimony is by far the most powerful testimony in a courtroom, on the playground, or in the workplace. Always the most weight is given to the person who is able to say, “I was there! I saw the whole thing!” Even for as much as psychologists (and hopeful defense attorneys) have tried to discredit eye witness testimony as unreliable, their attempts have largely gone unheard. When the story is too shocking to believe. When it seems preposterous and we just can’t believe our ears, we ALWAYS need someone to step up and say, “I was there! It’s true.” If you were there, you’ve got the trump card. That’s the power of the eye witness.

As we journey through the Easter season, we notice the importance that the Gospel writers place on being a witness, and the Sunday readings emphasize the significance of the eye witness testimony and the importance of faith in what they proclaimed as true.

Last week Thomas wasn’t there and refused to believe in Jesus’ resurrection in spite of testimony from the rest of the apostles. And then Jesus meets him and invites him to believe because of his own experience with Jesus. Others said it was true (I would say that their testimony opened him up to the possibility, then he experienced the risen Jesus himself, and His encounter with Jesus changed him.

Thomas wasn’t even willing to believe Jesus was alive, and then, according to Tradition, he died for Him–being run through with a spear for giving testimony to Jesus in India! In fact, everyone of Jesus’ apostles went to their death giving witness to the truth of Jesus’ resurrection! The New Testament word “witness” comes from the Greek word for martyr. (Greek: μάρτυς, mártys, “witness“; stem μάρτυρ-, mártyr-). Those who courageously gave their life for Jesus were martyred and their martyrdom stood as a witness to their belief in Jesus resurrection!

That’s amazing testimony to the truth of the resurrection! Who would die for something they knew wasn’t even true?! At some point you just laugh and say, “Ha. Ha. You got me! Just kidding!” but they did not. In fact, the book of Acts shows the disciples courageously speaking in the name of Jesus, even when they were told to be quiet and threatened with death. They said, “How can we be silent about the things we’ve seen and heard?” (Acts 4:20)

Jesus is today–no less than then–looking for disciples to bear witness with their whole life that He is real and He is risen. During this Easter season we ought to be particularly mindful to what degree our life stands out in our world as a witness to Jesus. In the way that we talk to and about others. In the way we are generous, kind, and life-giving in our actions. And especially in the way we make Jesus Christ and the community he founded a priority.

Do we study the Scriptures? Do we pray before meals, at bed time with our kids, in the car, or even at work? Do we attend Mass regularly and make it the most important day of our week? Do we actively seek out opportunities to volunteer our time, talent, and treasure to serve those in need locally and abroad? Do we take the time to read the pope’s messages, and the US Bishops teachings? Pope Francis just released his Apostolic Exhortation on The Call to Holiness. Will you read it by clicking HERE?

Jesus probably isn’t asking any of us to be a martyr today, but he is asking us to die to ourself and live for Him. He’s giving out the call today and still looking for a response. He seeking your response to be of your whole body, mind, and soul. He’s sending out the call, are you up to giving the response? In other words, “I say-uh, yezzzz-uh! Can He get a witnesssss-uh?”

And, can I get a witness? If you’re doing something great post it here! Share these posts with people you know. I’d love to hear about it! Inspire us to also die with Him!

Happy Easter! Stephen

By catholicevangelist

That You May Come To Believe

This reflection is for the 2nd Sunday of Easter, Cycle B, 4/8/2018.

Today’s Gospel ends with what I consider the MOST important line for understanding the place of Sacred Scripture in the Church, namely, “Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples that are not written in this book. But these are written that you may come to believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that through this belief you may have life in his name.” (JN 20:31)

I once heard someone say, “The only thing I believe is what is written in the Bible. If it’s not in here, I don’t believe it!” The statement struck me as quite narrow, and I hope it does to you too. Are we to believe that Jesus never went to the bathroom because Scripture never mentions it? Nowhere in Scripture do we read, “…and then Jesus went to a deserted place in order to relieve himself…”

Some may even be so bold as to suggest that because he was God, Jesus didn’t have to go to the bathroom–but that would be the heresy of Apollinarianism, a 4th century heresy that denied the true and complete humanity of Jesus.

To ask Sacred Scripture to tell us every moment of Jesus’ earthly life simply asks too much of the Sacred text–and is anti-Biblical! Scripture itself affirms that there was much more that Jesus taught his disciples and signs he performed that are not written in this book!

Of course, there is another error out there that would lead us into trouble as well, namely, that we can’t believe any of what the Gospel writers claimed to be true–from miracles, teachings, or even to the accounts of the resurrection. But if these signs/miracles never occurred, if the resurrection was just a figment of the disciples’ imagination, then there is no such thing as Christianity, and NO SALVATION in Christ.

St. Paul tells the Church in Corinth in his first letter addressing this very issue. He says, “For if the dead are not raised, neither has Christ been raised, and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is vain; you are still in your sins. Then those who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. If for this life only we have hoped in Christ, we are the most pitiable people of all.” (15:16-19)

We would be foolish to deny the eye-witness testimony to Jesus’ miracles and resurrection, and equally foolish to suggest that the only thing we should believe about Jesus’ life and teaching can be found within the pages of 4 gospels and 23 epistles! So, what’s a Christian to do?

Sadly, this is, of course, the very issue that divides Orthodox and Catholic Christians from reform-era Christians. “Scripture alone” for the truths of faith sought to provide an important corrective to the clerical abuses of Martin Luther’s day, but I believe it radically truncated the fullness of the Christian witness to Jesus’ life and teaching.

Don’t you ever wonder what Jesus spoke to his disciples about while they toasted s’mores around the camp fire? What were the little insights he shared with them about the proper Christian attitude, outlook, and way of living? What did he say to them that gave rise to the amazing community that we hear about in today’s first reading from the Acts of the Apostles? “The community of believers was of one heart and mind, and no one claimed that any of his possessions was his own, but they had everything in common.” (4:32-35)

More than that even, is to consider not just what Jesus said that was never written, but also the Holy Spirit’s guidance of the Christian community’s reflection about what was written, and what was not, and what they are to do in each generation in order to advance God’s Kingdom. Jesus told his disciples that there was much more to come! He said, “I have much more to tell you, but you cannot bear it now. But when he comes, the Spirit of truth, he will guide you to all truth.” (JN 16:12-13)

This is why Catholics are so adamant about Scripture AND Tradition. It must be both if we are to remain faithful to Jesus’ instruction to his disciples and open to the ongoing guidance by the Spirit. Does it simplify things to stick only to what can be found in Scripture? Yes. Absolutely! It’s no wonder that such great biblical work is coming out of the Protestant community,and why so many Protestants know their Bibles so well! Those communities stand as a witness to the fruitfulness of immersing oneself in God’s Word!

But the faithful Catholic does not seek to simplify but must instead magnify! He or she must immerse himself/herself and be nourished by God’s Word, but must also be faithful to the Tradition–the preservation of what was not canonized in the Sacred texts of the 1st century, and to the ongoing guidance received through the magisterium, councils, and theologians guided by the same Holy Spirit that guided the Biblical authors.

I believe that’s as good as it gets! I believe that is the fullness of what Jesus came to reveal. More difficult? Yes–but well worth it. This path is covered in gems dropped in every generation. It begins with the treasure that is Jesus and the 1st century’s testimony to him and the spirit at work in their midst, and it continues right up to our present day. We too are charged with dropping a gem or two of our own! Maybe this blog post may someday be counted among them!

Mary Elizabeth Sperry, on the US Bishops’ website, writes, “Today’s Catholic is called to take an intelligent, spiritual approach to the bible.” She offer the following 10 points for “fruitful Scripture reading.” I think they are helpful as we take a responsible but courageous look at Sacred Scripture today.

Remember, the Bible wasn’t written to tell us EVERYTHING, but rather some things were written down so we might come to believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God, and through this belief have life in His name. That’s the meat and potatoes! Step 1. Believe! Everything else is pure gravy for those who believe and have life. Amen? Enjoy the meat, potatoes, and the gravy…maybe even some veggies too.

Below are 10 helpful tips to understanding Scripture that every Catholic should know.

1 Bible reading is for Catholics. The Church encourages Catholics to make reading the Bible part of their daily prayer lives. Reading these inspired words, people grow deeper in their relationship with God and come to understand their place in the community God has called them to in himself.

2 Prayer is the beginning and the end. Reading the Bible is not like reading a novel or a history book. It should begin with a prayer asking the Holy Spirit to open our hearts and minds to the Word of God. Scripture reading should end with a prayer that this Word will bear fruit in our lives, helping us to become holier and more faithful people.

3 Get the whole story! When selecting a Bible, look for a Catholic edition. A Catholic edition will include the Church’s complete list of sacred books along with introductions and notes for understanding the text. A Catholic edition will have an imprimatur notice on the back of the title page. An imprimatur indicates that the book is free of errors in Catholic doctrine.

4 The Bible isn’t a book. It’s a library. The Bible is a collection of 73 books written over the course of many centuries. The books include royal history, prophecy, poetry, challenging letters to struggling new faith communities, and believers’ accounts of the preaching and passion of Jesus. Knowing the genre of the book you are reading will help you understand the literary tools the author is using and the meaning the author is trying to convey.

5 Know what the Bible is – and what it isn’t. The Bible is the story of God’s relationship with the people he has called to himself. It is not intended to be read as history text, a science book, or a political manifesto. In the Bible, God teaches us the truths that we need for the sake of our salvation.

6 The sum is greater than the parts. Read the Bible in context. What happens before and after – even in other books – helps us to understand the true meaning of the text.

7 The Old relates to the New. The Old Testament and the New Testament shed light on each other. While we read the Old Testament in light of the death and resurrection of Jesus, it has its own value as well. Together, these testaments help us to understand God’s plan for human beings.

8 You do not read alone. By reading and reflecting on Sacred Scripture, Catholics join those faithful men and women who have taken God’s Word to heart and put it into practice in their lives. We read the Bible within the tradition of the Church to benefit from the holiness and wisdom of all the faithful.

9 What is God saying to me? The Bible is not addressed only to long-dead people in a faraway land. It is addressed to each of us in our own unique situations. When we read, we need to understand what the text says and how the faithful have understood its meaning in the past. In light of this understanding, we then ask: What is God saying to me?

10 Reading isn’t enough. If Scripture remains just words on a page, our work is not done. We need to meditate on the message and put it into action in our lives. Only then can the word be “living and effective.”(Hebrews 4:12).

God bless. Happy Easter, Stephen

By catholicevangelist

No Fooling! He Is Risen! Truly Risen!

This reflection is for Easter Sunday – The Resurrection of the Lord, Cycle B, 4/1/2018.


Have you heard the Good News?! He is risen! No fooling, really, Jesus the Christ has conquered the grave! Death could not hold him. He has been raised by the glory of the Father! He is risen and the world will never be the same again! Today we celebrate the foundational proclamation of our faith in who Jesus is, what Jesus did, and what that means for us and the whole world, namely, redemption, reconciliation, and salvation in the name of Jesus!

In his book, More Than A Carpenter, Josh McDowell (who follows the logic and repackages Mere Christianity, by C.S. Lewis) lays out the reason for our belief in the resurrection. He says that the world is confronted with three basic questions about Jesus’ person. Jesus, according to these authors, is either a liar, a lunatic, or indeed the Lord and savior of the universe. Also, you might like reading, The Case For Christ, by Lee Strobel, as he lays out the reason that lead him to an obvious conclusion–Jesus is Lord. All of these books seek to provide reasons to believe the testimony of those who were there. Their claim, of course, is that Jesus was more than a good man, more than a prophet, more than a miracle worker; he was, as they claim and as we believe, the Lord and savior of the human race.

I was quite surprised last week when one of my students asked me not if Jesus was God, but whether or not Jesus ever even really existed. Really? Is this what fake news has done to a generation of youths? Have we come to a point where a person’s physical existence is now even in doubt? What’s next, did Abraham Lincoln really ever exist?  If I’ve never met him, shouldn’t I have reason to doubt whether he ever was at all? Actually, there are a  number of extra-biblical accounts of Jesus’ true existence (Click here for an article with sources), but His being Messiah, and Lord, the Christ, is a matter of faith through reason. Not faith without reason, but instead we believe it is very reasonable to profess the faith of the Church, that Jesus triumphed over the grave and is Lord.

In fact, today’s first reading from the Acts of the Apostles seeks to offer the first reasoned response and a simple yet thorough explanation of the whole Gospel! According to Acts,

“Peter proceeded to speak and said: ‘You know what has happened all over Judea, beginning in Galilee after the baptism that John preached, how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power. He went about doing good and healing all those oppressed by the devil, for God was with him. We are witnesses of all that he did
both in the country of the Jews and in Jerusalem. They put him to death by hanging him on a tree. This man God raised on the third day and granted that he be visible, not to all the people, but to us, the witnesses chosen by God in advance, who ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead. He commissioned us to preach to the people and testify that he is the one appointed by God as judge of the living and the dead. To him all the prophets bear witness, that everyone who believes in him will receive forgiveness of sins through his name.'”

That’s it! That’s the whole thing! Jesus is the anointed one of God (the Greek word for anointed is Christos, hence, Jesus the Christ), who came to earth filled with the Spirit and with power to do good by conquering evil wherever he found it! Peter says that he and the other apostles are witnesses to Jesus’ life, actions, and teachings, and most importantly stand as a witness to Jesus’ death and resurrection. He makes it clear that after Jesus rose FROM THE DEAD they broke bread together! That’s not a small matter! So, yes! Jesus really did exist. And yes! he was crucified and rose again! And, yes! the apostles and many others ate, drank, and walked with him–as all of the Gospel options for today’s Mass make quite clear (cf. John 20:1-9, Mark 16:1-7, Luke 24:13-35).

But I think the most important part for all of us is in the last few lines of Peter’s exhortation, namely, that Jesus commissioned them (and us) to preach to people and to testify that Jesus is the one appointed by God to judge the living and the dead, and that everyone who believes in Jesus, will receive forgiveness of sins in his name. There is nothing that matters more than this simple truth. Sin causes separation from God and from others. It causes divisions within our selves and in our communities–but through Jesus, we can be reconciled within ourselves, within our families and communities, and in our world.

The message of wholeness and redemption is needed more today than ever. Young people and veterans are committing suicide in staggering numbers. Twenty-two veterans take their life each day in this country! Shocking amounts of young people need mental health counseling and drug and alcohol counseling. School shootings have become common place. Over half of marriages end in divorce, over three thousand abortions per day in the U.S., young people are being manipulated and abused through human trafficking, and countries never cease to do violence to humanity and the earth. In sum, we need Jesus. We need the Prince of Peace more than ever. We need those who are willing to courageously share Jesus with everyone they meet. We need evangelists today more than ever! Are you in?

The resurrection of Jesus is still Good News for so many living in darkness–but we who call Him Lord need to take that message of redemption, wholeness, and reconciliation to the world! Sin is real. Name it. Forgiveness of sin is real. Name Him and receive Life–and Life Eternal. Share that good news with someone today. Happy Easter everyone. He is risen. He is truly risen!

God Bless, Stephen

By catholicevangelist

Faith That Works!

This reflection is for the 4th Sunday of Lent, Cycle B, 3/11/18.

I once had a Catholic High school student who, while smiling fromar to ear, told me that she finally understood how our life on earth corresponded to our future in heaven. She had just returned from the college counselor with exactly which courses must be taken in high school to get her into the college of her dreams.

She said, “Mr. Valgos, I finally get it! While on earth we’re supposed to do all the right things: receive our Sacraments, go to Church, go to a retreat or two, says our prayers, go to confession, and help out at the homeless shelter, and by doing all of those things–just like taking all my necessary classes for college–we get into heaven when our time on earth is over!”

I said, “Congratulations, Haley! You’ve got it exactly right with regard to college, and exactly backwards with regard to heaven! I went on to tell her and the rest of the class that salvation isn’t something earned and owed to us by God for all the work we do here on earth. I told Haley, that that kind of attitude would attempt to place a claim on God. God would OWE us! The Creator would be a debtor to the creature!

No, salvation is not something owed to us by God (as though we could ever do enough to earn it!) but is instead pure gift from a loving, generous, and merciful God. God is crazy about us, but because of sin, we owe a debt that simply cannot be paid. The debt we owe is indeed paid–though not by us–but rather by God himself in the person of Jesus Christ. Our only rule: to accept God’s offer, repent, and believe in this good news!

Today’s Gospel tells us, “For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. (JN 3:16-17)

I told Haley that in order to better understand salvation she might consider how amazing it would be if the college of her dreams contacted her during her 8th grade summer to give her not just acceptance into the school, but also free tuition, free books, and even free parking! The only stipulation is that she be willing to accept this amazing offer and then share with others how amazing this college is and how happy she is to be going there. That’s salvation!

We call the generous action of God “grace.” A priest friend of mine once explained to my 8th-graders that grace is “friendship with God.” We didn’t do anything to deserve it, but God freely offers it anyway. And our response to that offer of friendship is faith. St. Paul’s letter to the Ephesians stands as a witness to these truths taught by the Church. Paul teaches, “For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not from you; it is the gift of God; it is not from works, so no one may boast.” (2:8-9)

Faith is the relationship we have with the invisible God. Like any relationship, faith can be nourished through spending quality time, reading stories about that person, getting to know others who know him, serving him, and communicating with him. The relationship of faith, like a mustard seed, may start out so totally small, but in time we discover that it is has grown so much that it provides comfort and peace not only to ourselves but to those around us as well.

I asked Haley about what she thinks she might do, in our scenario, with the time she was given between her having been accepted into the college of her dreams and her actually first starting the school four years later. She said she would work her butt off making sure she was ready when the day came to leave! She would show her appreciation for the generous gift by learning everything she could in the short time she had. She wouldn’t want to squander a moment that she had left. Exactly. And neither should we.

God gives us an amazing gift of salvation based only on his generosity and love–not based on anything we have done or could ever do. That’s amazing grace! We respond in faith by believing, repenting, and loving him and our neighbor. Love lived out toward God and neighbor is hard work! Prayer, fasting, almsgiving, obedience, and sacrifice is the work of salvation. Not the work that earns salvation, but the work we do because of the gift of salvation through Christ Jesus, our Lord.

St. Paul, in the very next verse in Ephesians 2 says this, “For we are his handiwork, created in Christ Jesus for the good works that God has prepared in advance, that we should live in them.” (2:10)

God has called us into his light by grace, through faith, to do good works. And therein lies salvation and the response. What an amazing gift. Sadly, however, as the Gospel clearly shows in its final verses of today’s reading, “this is the verdict, that the light came into the world, but people preferred darkness to light, because their works were evil…But whoever lives the truth comes to the light, so that his works may be clearly seen as done in God. (JN 3:19, 21)

So, it’s not a matter of works or no works, but what type of work will we do. We’ve been saved. Do good work. Don’t wait. You may be leaving for the college of your dreams soon. No time to lose.

God bless, Stephen

By catholicevangelist